Agroforestry options for Tanzania

15 05 2009


Produced by: World Agroforestry Centre (2009)

This policy brief analyses agroforestry as a tool for improving livelihood in Tanzania and tackling emerging local and global challenges. The paper argues that agroforestry creates a web of resilient land use practices that mitigate and adapt to climate change, halt land degradation and conserve on-farm biodiversity.

The authors assert that the widespread adoption of agroforestry technologies by smallholder farmers in Tanzania is constrained by local customs, institutions and national policies. Unlike the seeds of annual crops where established institutions exist to promote them and private sector organisations manage their multiplication and distribution, there is little or no institutional structure to make agroforestry seeds available. The human capacity, infrastructure and institutional support for agroforestry are not as well developed.

This paper gives recommendations on two aspects of agroforestry:

Technical aspects

  • Policies should promote fertiliser trees and other integrated soil fertility management approaches in order to make the most efficient use of expensive mineral fertilisers.
  • Subsidise mineral fertilisers under the Agricultural Sector Development Program (ASDP) and District Agricultural Development Plans (DADP), integrate fertiliser tree seeds, and improve crop varieties as an integral part of the inputs package of the Program to ensure sustainable soil fertility replenishment.
  • Provide support to implement the national agroforestry strategy and target priority areas to scale up.
  • Provide more agroforestry technology training opportunities to government agricultural extension staff to help them provide information and scale up the technologies to farm communities.
  • Support agroforestry products markets and marketing infrastructure.
  • Do participatory assessments of vulnerability to climate change and local adaptation measures.
  • Build capacity at all levels to mitigate and adapt to climate change impacts on the agriculture sector.

Institutional aspects

  • Institutionalise agroforestry as part of the official programme of activities in the Ministries of Agriculture Food and Cooperatives, Livestock and Fisheries, and Natural Resources and Tourism.
  • Institutionalise and support regular science-policy forums where updates on agroforestry research results and opportunities are presented to policy makers and stakeholders in Tanzania.
  • Assess how existing national policy and institutional setups facilitate or constrain the adoption of agroforestry.

Available online at: http://www.eldis.org/cf/rdr/?doc=42818&em=130509⊂=agric

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